The National Examination Council of Tanzania (NECTA) is a Government institution under the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology. 

It was established by Act No. 21 of 1973 that was then amended in 2019 by the National Examinations Council of Tanzania Act (CAP 107 R.E. 2019).

It is responsible for the administration of examinations and assessment at national level.

It is also responsible for the collection of school Continuous Assessment (CA) records which contribute 30 percent to Form Four, Form Six and Professional the final examination.

In this regard, NECTA is pleased to issue Guidelines on Assessment Procedures at Secondary and Professional Levels to empower teachers and tutors to prepare valid, fair, adequate and reliable assessment tools and procedures to enhance learners learning experiences.

The guidelines provide essential techniques for preparing assessment tools and procedures that accommodate all types of learners, regardless of their ability and needs.

They also provide ways of administering and recording test results for various purposes such as regulation of teaching and collection of CA records. Besides, they show the best ways to monitor and evaluate the quality of prepared assessment tools and procedures.

The National Examinations Council of Tanzania (NECTA) believes that these guidelines will help teachers and tutors to prepare valid and reliable assessment tools geared towards improving learning.

The guidelines will also help School Quality Assurers in monitoring and evaluating teachers' competences in assessing learners' achievement.


The guidelines cover the meaning of, and types of assessment. They focus on the preparation of various assessment procedures such as test items, for normal learners and those with special needs.

They also describe procedures for setting and moderating tests items. They further describe administering and marking tests as well as recording test results. The guidelines also inform about monitoring and evaluation of the assessment activities.

It is NECTA's expectation that the guidelines will help to enhance secondary school teachers' and college tutors' knowledge and skills on assessment by supplementing what they have acquired from universities or colleges.

The knowledge acquired from the guidelines will enable secondary school teachers and college tutors to prepare quality examinations, thereby generating quality Continuous Assessment (CA). CA includes tests, terminal and annual examinations. These contribute 30 percent of the final national examination results which NECTA compiles through the PReMS system.

Furthermore, using these guidelines, school quality assurers will have the capability to monitor and evaluate teaching and learning process by focusing on the kinds of assessment activities used by teachers


Assessment is a systematic, continuous process of monitoring various pieces of learning to evaluate learners' achievement and instructional effectiveness. It also refers to activities that are designed to measure learners' achievement from an instructional programme.

Purpose of Assessment

The teaching and learning process is not complete without assessment. Hence, assessment is carried out for various purposes, which include to:

(i) help teachers determine the effectiveness of their teaching techniques and learning materials;

(ii) determine the general trend in the development of the teaching and learning process;

(iii) identify problems that might hinder or prevent the achievement of set goals; (iv) provide educational administrators with adequatee information about teachers'effectiveness and school needs;

(v) identify learners' growth or lack of growth in acquiring desirable knowledge, skills, attitudes and societal values;

(vi) motivate learners to learn more as they discover their progress or challenges in a given task;

(vii) encourage learners to develop a sense of discipline and systematic study habits;

(vii) provide a base for determining the promotion of learners from one class to another; and

(ix) make objective and reliable decisions about educational planning.

Post a Comment